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Economics of honey production and marketing: a case of Chitwan, Nepal.

A survey research was conducted to study the economics of honey production and marketing in Chitwan, Nepal. Out of total 135 commercial beekeepers, 35 were selected by proportionate stratified random sampling technique. Five local level honey traders were selected purposively. The beekeeping enterprises were grouped into three categories on the basis of number of bee colony they had. The small category having 5 to 15 bee colonies, medium with 16 to 35 bee colonies and large with more than 35 bee colonies. The selected respondents were interviewed with the help of semi-structured questionnaires. Result of the study showed that average honey production per enterprise and per hive were 1004.54 kg and 33.02 kg respectively, which were significantly different between the categories showing the scale effect in honey production. Number of bee colony played important role in honey production. Average gross margin per kg honey was Rs.77.09 and this was also significant between the categories showing the scale effect in profitability. The average share of marketing margin of middleman in retail price was 43.72 percent and that of farm gate price was 37.38 percent, which indicated that the marketing system in the study area was inefficient. Honey producers were facing several productions and marketing problems, due to which they were discouraged in further expansion of the scale of production. They perceived some important roles of producers, and different institutions to cope up with the problems for the sustainable development of beekeeping industry in Chitwan.



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